The African religion is a deeply embedded part of the African psyche, with its many different forms and rituals, and the African tradition has been in decline since the colonial era.
But there is hope for the religion, which has been described as a “superpower” by the United Nations.
Africa’s most populous nation, South Africa, was once the world’s biggest producer of gold.
But in recent years, its production has plummeted.
Now it is the most valuable metal in the world, according to the metal market research firm GoldMine.
It is the main source of revenue for some of South Africa’s biggest corporations.
“We have to be very, very careful in our strategy, because it’s going to be really difficult to revive our African religion and our African culture,” Mr Mwangi Ndlovu, the president of the World Bank, said at a conference last month.
“And we will need to make sure that we do it right.”
The African National Congress has pledged to restore Africa’s African identity by creating a new religion and a new national identity.
Mr Mungu Ndlombe, the leader of the country’s ruling party, told reporters in Cape Town on Sunday that it was “necessary to create a new African identity”.
“We are going to have to reinvent ourselves as a nation, we are going for a new type of African nationalism,” he said.
But this is a huge challenge for the government, which is struggling to find the funds to revive the African National Union, the body that includes the countrys biggest ethnic group, the Nama, which accounts for more than half the population.
“What we need is an international organization that can be part of this process of rebuilding our African identity,” Mr Ndlombe said.
Mr Nguni said the government was still exploring whether it should establish a separate African National Assembly to address issues like education, health and welfare, and a religious council to guide the development of the economy.
“It is something that will have to wait for the time when the country needs to get back to its roots,” he told reporters.
But for many Africans, the revival of the religion is far from certain.
“The African religion has always been part of Africa’s past, it will be part that is part of its future,” Mr Mbeki said.
“I think we need to have a national rebirth, a rebirth of our people, our culture.”
But some say it is time to give up on the African identity altogether.
“Africa’s Africa will never be the same again.
It will never return to its African identity.
It’s the end of the story,” said Sowo Omidwe, a 28-year-old from the eastern city of Nairobi.
The UN special rapporteur on racism, Ms Ndola, said the country should consider whether the new religion is suitable for African people.
“To preserve our culture and our heritage, we need an African identity that can embrace our diverse diversity and that will include our national identity,” she said.
For many African nationalists, the resurgence of the Afrikaans language is a step towards reclaiming the African spirit, but it is a process that is fraught with risks.
“This is a battle to rebuild our identity,” said Mr Ndolan.
“A very difficult process, it’s not going to happen overnight.”